# Data science and Big Data Analysis Assignment

## Data science and Big Data Analysis Assignment

Help me study for my Engineering class. I’m stuck and don’t understand.

An Introduction to Statistical Learning Gareth James, Daniela Witten, Trevor Hastie and Robert Tibshirani

http://www-bcf.usc.edu/~gareth/ISL/index.html

Kindly discuss any of the following topics with additional references

http://www-bcf.usc.edu/~gareth/ISL/index.html
Chapter 10
10 Unsupervised Learning 373
10.1 The Challenge of Unsupervised Learning . . . . . . . . . . . 373
10.2 Principal Components Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 374
10.2.1 What Are Principal Components? . . . . . . . . . . 375
10.2.2 Another Interpretation of Principal Components . . 379
10.2.3 More on PCA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 380
10.2.4 Other Uses for Principal Components . . . . . . . . 385
10.3 Clustering Methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 385
10.3.1 K-Means Clustering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 386
10.3.2 Hierarchical Clustering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 390
10.3.3 Practical Issues in Clustering . . . . . . . . . . . . . 399