Social psychology is about understanding individual behavior in a social context. Social psychologists, therefore, deal with the factors that lead us to behave in a given way in the presence of others and look at the conditions under which certain behavior/actions and feelings occur.
Part A Consider the following norms in the United States: flushing the toilet after using it, saying hello when you answer the phone, respecting people’s personal space, and paying for things you buy at the store.
Answer the following:
- Share your opinion by providing a scenario to justify your response to the following question: Does one’s decision to conform to a particular norm of society stem from their personality or a matter of the particular social situation in which one finds oneself?
- Explain in detail and be sure to justify your response with a validating example to the following question: Do you think the same is true of a decision to obey or not obey the instruction of someone in authority (supervisor, parent, teacher, doctor, law enforcement)?
Part B Discuss an occasion when you have used observational learning with someone you look up to; for example, as a child, you looked up to an older athlete for how to play basketball. Be sure to explain how the stages of observational learning (Attention, Memorization, Imitation, and Motivation) were experienced in your example. Additionally, in reference to your example, share any factors that increased the likelihood of observational learning occurring.
Answer the following:
- How was attention, memory, imitation, and motivation followed?
- Consider how perceptions could impact observational learning.
Part C Locate an articles including eyewitness testimony and then answer the following questions:
- Where was the eyewitness when the incident occurred? In other words, was the eyewitness right beside the incident, on the other side of the street, or where exactly?
- What time of day did the incident occur-morning, afternoon, or evening? Was it daylight or dark when the incident occurred?
- Did the eyewitness know the victim personally?
- What did the eyewitness say happened?
- Was the defendant-the person accused of committing the crime-found guilty of the crime?
- What do you believe really happened? Do you feel the defendant was guilty of committing the crime? Why or why not?