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Annotated Bibliography: The Food Industry

This is an annotated bibliography for research done on the food industry. The references listed focus on unethical practices among the key players in the food industry.

Almas, Reidar. “Food Trust, Ethics and Safety in Risk Society.” (2012).

Almas is Professor of Nutrition at the Jönköping University (Sweden) and Sogang University (South Korea). He was educator of Nutrition at the Korea University, Seoul National University, University of Kurdistan at Hawler, RATIO Institute, Stockholm and MTT Agrifood Research. Almas discusses the ethical issues raised in the food industry that relate to the environment. Unethical practices are very common in the competitive food industry, he says. Walmart, for instance, rolled out in 2011 a fast food line which targeted children who were as young as nine years old. The marketing campaign they organized targeted both the girls and the boys saying that the foods were environmentally friendly in nature. This marketing campaign had two flaws. First of all, they were unethical when they placed unwarranted emphasis on the appearance of a child. They associated the use of their products with coolness and respect. Secondly, they used environmentalism, a very popular movement across the universe, to market fast food products. These two elements are completely unrelated.

Carriquiry, Miguel, and Bruce A. Babcock. “Reputations, market structure, and the choice of quality assurance systems in the food industry.” American Journal of Agricultural Economics 89.1 (2007): 12-23.

This article was written by Miguel Carriquiry who and Bruce Babcock who represent considerable authority in moral hypothesis. They concentrate on life science issues: farming, creatures, and biotechnology. The article talks about ethics in the food industry. In the pharmaceutical field, some of the issues being raised are whether or not doctors prescribe the drugs to their patents based on the most effective ones or based on the incentives provided to them by the manufacturers. Some of these doctors are hosted to lavish events and then showered with gifts during conferences by pharmaceutical companies like PhRMA. Would one say that these doctors’ minds won’t be corrupted by such niceties? Won’t the niceties affect their decisions as they decide what drugs to prescribe? It would be ethical to just provide the customers with the right information so that they can make informed decisions. This makes the marketing strategy’s ethics questionable.

Comstock, Gary. “Ethics and genetically modified foods.” Food Ethics. Springer New York, 2010. 49-66.Comstock represents considerable authority in moral hypothesis. He concentrates on life science issues: farming, creatures, and biotechnology. He wrote this article to discuss the prevailing consumer attitudes towards the genetically modified foods. Producers are eager to increase their production to meet the current high demand for agricultural produce. The ethical issue that arises however is how safe are the genetically modified foods. These genetic modifications used on the plants and animals involve molecular genetics and has created controversies across the world. The genetically modified organisms have been identified as causes of cancer and birth of deformed babies and yet these products are still in circulation proving once more that America is indeed a capitalist nation. The rich will stop at nothing to generate more wealth and continue being rich and a few setbacks here and there are ignored.

Early, Ralph. “Food ethics: a decision making tool for the food industry?.” International journal of food science & technology 37.4 (2006): 339-349.

This journal written by Early Ralph, Educator of the Food Industry at Harper Adams University. He also served as the Head of Department – Department of Food Science and Agri-Food Supply Chain Management. The article he wrote portrays different unethical practices in the food industry. Industries that produce infant formulas have also been on the spotlight for their unethical practices. Nestle has at some point marketed their products in developing countries as a replacement for breast milk. They organized campaigns that aimed at convincing these mothers that what they were offering them was superior to what they were offering their kids as breast milk and was the most modern way of raising a child right. They were oblivious to the reports that said that breast milk led to healthier babies than babies that used their products and persisted in their marketing ventures. Persisting with a false campaign is unethical more so if the products hurt those who buy them. Nestlé’s marketing strategies are therefore ethically questionable.

Hobbs, B. C. (2008). Food poisoning and food hygiene. Food poisoning and food hygiene, (Edn 2).Instructor Hobbs is an all-around seen control in general and relative employment relations. He has particular capacity in the district of sustenance and support. The solidified pot pies that sickened an expected 15,000 individuals with salmonella in 2007 left government controllers perplexed. Right away they suspected the turkey. At that point they considered the peas, carrots and potatoes. The pie producer, Conagra Foods, started spot-checking the vegetables for pathogens, however couldn’t find the guilty party. It additionally had a go at cooking the vegetables at high temperatures, a system the business calls a “slaughter venture,” to wipe out any waiting organisms. At the same time the vegetables turned to mush all the while. So Conagra — which sold more than 100 million pot pies a year ago under its prevalent Banquet mark — chose to make the shopper in charge of the slaughter step. The “sustenance wellbeing” directions and four-stage graph on the 69-penny pies offer this direction: “Inner temperature needs to achieve 165° F as measured by a nourishment thermometer in a few spots.” Progressively, the partnerships that supply Americans with handled sustenance are not able to ensure the security of their fixings. For this situation, Conagra couldn’t pinpoint which of the more than 25 fixings in its pies was conveying salmonella. Different organizations don’t even know who is supplying their fixings, not to mention if those suppliers are screening the things for organisms and other potential dangers, questions and archives

Royle, Tony. “Realism or idealism? Corporate social responsibility and the employee stakeholder in the global fast‐food industry.” Business Ethics: A European Review 14.1 (2005): 42-55.

Educator Tony Royle is a universally perceived power in universal and relative vocation relations. He has specific ability in the region of sustenance and nourishment Tony talks about the corporate social responsibility and the employee stakeholder in the global fast‐food industry. Fast food companies such as McDonalds concentrate on marketing lifestyle and more often than note direct these ads at children and teens. Most of their marketing is done online as they major in social media advertising. It is not appropriate to aim use ads which use marketing techniques instead of information at prospective customers who lack adequate maturity to treat such messages skeptically. This is unethical as the food sold by fast food restaurants have created a lot of controversies and suspected of causing diseases like cancer and conditions like obesity.

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